List of Presidents of Zimbabwe

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President of the
Republic of Zimbabwe
Flag of the President of Zimbabwe.svg
Presidential Flag
Residence State House
Term length 5 years, renewable once[1]
Inaugural holder Canaan Banana
Formation 18 April 1980
Deputy Vice-President of Zimbabwe
Salary US$200 000 (2014)[2]

Politics of Zimbabwe

The President of Zimbabwe is the Head of state of Zimbabwe, elected by popular majority vote.

The President is also the Head of government, as the office of Prime Minister was abolished in 1987. The office was restored as a result of the 2008–09 political negotiations, but abolished again following the 2013 constitutional referendum.

Under the rules adopted by the same referendum, the president serves a maximum of two five-year terms:[1] this does not have a retroactive effect on terms of office already served or currently being served.[citation needed]

History of the office

The office of the President of Zimbabwe was established in 1980, when the country gained independence from the United Kingdom. A Methodist minister, Canaan Banana, became the first President, serving until 1987 in a mostly ceremonial role. The real power was vested in the Prime Minister, Robert Mugabe. In 1987, Mugabe succeeded Banana as President after he revised the Constitution to make himself President.

Presidents of Zimbabwe (1980–present)


Political parties
No. Picture Name
Elected Took office Left office Political Party
style="background:Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front/meta/color; color:white;"| 1 80px Canaan Banana
18 April 1980 31 December 1987 ZANU
style="background:Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front/meta/color; color:white;"| 2 Robert Mugabe May 2015 (cropped).jpg Robert Mugabe
(born 1924)
31 December 1987 21 November 2017 ZANU–PF
21 November 2017 -

Rank by time in office

Rank President Time in office
1 Robert Mugabe 29 years, 325 days
2 Canaan Banana 7 years, 257 days

Latest election

2017 coup d'état

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Zimbabweans hope for democratic rebirth". BBC News. 20 March 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2013. 
  2. Gumbo, Lloyd (22 April 2014). "President reveals monthly salary". The Herald. Retrieved 22 April 2014. 

Zimbabwe topics

Heads of state and government of African states